In the French styles of Cabernet Sauvignon, they tend to bring out the salty, herbal, and mineral characteristics of the grape, while the New World versions focus more on its red and black fruits, as well as its licorice notes.
What typically unites these styles is the Cabernet’s tannic structure and its oak aging treatment, which is popular around the world, giving the wines additional notes of cedar, anise, and tobacco, depending on the type of oak and the time. of permanence in it. Although some Cabernets are made with fruity styles that are accessible in their youth, the best examples are built to age, sometimes for decades.
Malbec displays a variety of black and red fruits, including plum and raspberry, as well as rich notes of chocolate and licorice. Also, some hints of herbs and spices.
Merlot grows best in cool soils that retain moisture well, such as clay and limestone. It is a vigorous, high-yielding grape that requires a lot of attention in the vineyard to achieve quality wines with optimal fruit balanced by acidity. Due to its thin skin and loose bunches, Merlot is susceptible to frost.
The variety enjoys cool climates and grows best on calcareous and loamy soils.
Pinot Noir is known for its red fruit flavors such as cherry, strawberry, and raspberry, as well as its floral notes. Its structure is friendly to many wine lovers: light in body, low in tannins, with good acidity. A pronounced earthy flavor can be found in Old World versions, such as Burgundy red, while the more mature fruit flavors are typical of New World styles, found in cooler locations in California and Oregon. The wines are juicy and accessible in their youth, but the best versions can develop an elegant complexity as they age.
Syrah is generally late budding and medium maturing, with vines that are reasonably resistant to disease. It does particularly well on stony soils, especially those with granite content, but it is also successful on clay, loamy and calcareous soils.
Both Old and New World Syrahs are typically considered quite aged. The grape shows notes of blackberry, plum and blueberry, as well as black pepper, olive, rosemary, and lavender. Old World versions are somewhat leaner, emphasizing a flavorful character, while warmer climates generally produce wines with riper and daring fruit.